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Doctors of science
Dermatology is a branch of science that studies the structure of the skin, its physiological functions, the causes of the development of skin diseases, methods of their diagnosis and treatment. The clinical manifestations of skin diseases are numerous.
- allergic contact dermatitis;
- atopic dermatitis;
- autoimmune dermatoses;
- vasculitis of the skin;
- viral dermatoses;
- fungal skin diseases;
- children's dermatoses;
- hair diseases (alopecia);
- neoplastic skin diseases;
The causes of the disease
The exact causes of many dermatological diseases have not yet been identified. The development of these diseases can be facilitated by a number of reasons or only one factor:
- genetic predisposition to dermatological diseases;
- unfavorable environmental conditions: polluted air and water;
- hypersensitivity of the skin to irritants;
- concomitant diseases of any organs and systems, and especially - of the nervous, immune, digestive and endocrine systems;
- psychological experiences, stress.
The danger of dermatological diseases is that, as they progress, they can give complications to the internal organs of a person, contributing to the development of other diseases of any of the body systems.
To identify the cause and prevent the development of skin diseases, the specialists of our clinics carry out comprehensive diagnostics, which, in addition to simple examination methods, may include the following procedures:
- genetic research;
- skin biopsy;
- video trichoscopy;
- nevi mapping;
- examination with a Wood lamp;
- immunological examinations;
- lipid profile;
- PCR, ELISA, cultural and myoscopic methods for detecting various infections;
- if necessary - chest x-ray, abdominal ultrasound, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging.
Treatment of skin diseases dermatologists K+31 determine in each case individually, based on the characteristics of the disease and the state of the patient's body. Comprehensive treatment may include:
- general and local UFO;
- local photochemotherapy;
- cryodestruction with liquid nitrogen;
- radioelectrosurgical treatment;
- excision of keratosis and plantar warts;
- intralesional injection therapy;
- surgical excision of skin lesions;
- laser treatment;
- modern methods of hemocorrection.