Tumor skin diseases

Factors contributing to the development of tumor diseases :

  • intense exposure to the skin of various carcinogens (chemicals, ionizing radiation, oncogenic viruses, ultraviolet rays);
  • genetic predisposition;
  • dysfunctions of the endocrine or human immune systems.

These diseases are divided into three groups:

Benign skin neoplasms:

  • lipomas (tumors from adipose tissue);
  • hemangiomas (blood vessel tumors);
  • lymphangiomas (tumors of the lymphatic vessels);
  • nevi (birthmarks) and many others.

Precancerous diseases:

  • solar keratosis (a tumor of the epidermis that develops under the influence of sunlight);
  • Bowen's disease (a single dense mass on the skin);
  • keratoacanthoma;
  • long-existing skin lesions (scleroatrophic lichen, local collagenoses, post-burn scars, chronic radiation dermatitis, lichen planus of the mucous membranes);
  • xeroderma pigmentosa (a skin disease characterized by increased sensitivity to ultraviolet radiation), and some other rare genetic diseases;
  • sebaceous nevus;
  • giant congenital melanocytic nevus;
  • atypical melanocytic nevi (Clark's nevus);
  • nevoid cider of basal cell carcinoma (Gorlin syndrome);
  • family predisposition to the development of melanoma.

Malignant tumor diseases:

  • tumors of lymphoid tissue;
  • melanomas (tumors of pigment-forming tissue);
  • soft tissue tumors (sarcoma of the skin);
  • skin epithelial tumors (skin cancer);
  • skin metastases of other malignant tumors.

Diagnostics

The modern possibilities of medicine are such that many tumorous diseases of the skin are treatable diseases if the diagnosis and treatment start are carried out at an early stage of their development.

Diagnosis of skin tumor diseases in the Clinic K + 31 medical center may include:

  • history taking ;.
  • general urine analysis;
  • general blood analysis;
  • blood chemistry;
  • determination of antibodies to HIV infection, syphilis, hepatitis B and C;
  • immunological parameters;
  • tumor markers;
  • chest x-ray;
  • Ultrasound of the abdominal cavity;
  • MRI diagnostics;
  • biopsy from the lesion;
  • digital photography - a procedure that allows you to track even the smallest transformation of the neoplasm;
  • nevus examination using dermatoscopy and digital photography.

Cartography of nevi and dermatoscopy are performed by the specialists of the K + 31 Clinic medical center using the latest Dermlite DL3 device, made with the latest technology. Dermlite DL3 , which allows you to increase image sizes up to 10 times, has minimal optical distortion and gives the most complete picture of the clinical picture of the disease.

If necessary, the attending physician appoints consultations of other specialists for the patient:
surgeon / oncologist;
therapist;
endocrinologist;
resuscitation anesthetist (when planning afferent blood surgery).

Treatment of tumor skin diseases

The stage of the disease is the main factor that is of primary importance in the treatment of both benign and malignant neoplasms of the skin. The sooner the diagnosis is made and treatment is prescribed, the greater the likelihood of the patient recovering completely.

Treatment of tumor neoplasms in the Clinic K + 31 medical center depends on the stage of the disease:

  • in the presence of appropriate indications, specialists conduct excision (surgical operation to remove pathologically altered tissue);
  • in the absence of such indications - treatment with the use of external immunomodulators, or - observation;
  • with localized forms of primary skin lymphoma, phototherapy is performed;
  • if necessary, the specialist sends the patient to a specialized medical institution.

Services

  • Genetic research
  • Videotrichoscopy
  • Cryodestruction with liquid nitrogen
  • Dermatoscopy
  • General and local Ural federal district
  • Laser Dermatology
  • Skin biopsy
  • Local photochemotherapy


Specialists

All specialists
Miloradova
Nataliya Nikolaevna

Dermatologist, cosmetologist

Bystritskaya
Elena Alexandrovna

Dermatologist, cosmetologist

PhD

Anoiko
Olga Yuryevna

Dermatologist, cosmetologist

Lebedinskaya
Darya Alexandrovna

Dermatologist, cosmetologist, trichologist

Lysenko
Yulia Filippovna

Dermatologist, cosmetologist, trichologist

Ivlieva
Maria Georgievna

Dermatologist, cosmetologist, trichologist

Zakirova
Gulnara Shakirovna

Doctor dermatologist, cosmetologist

Moscovka
Galina Vitalievna

Dermatologist, cosmetologist

PhD