Irritable bowel syndrome

IBS or irritable bowel syndrome is an unpleasant disease that causes abdominal cramps, bloating, increased gas and various digestive disorders (diarrhea, constipation) that are not related to organic bowel damage, but lasting at least 3 months a year. Total syndrome in the world affects about a fifth of the adult population. IBS is most often complained by people aged 23 to 40 years.

Irritable bowel syndrome is characterized by a variety of manifestations. All of them are associated with the experience of various stressful situations. Therefore, to reduce symptoms, you should take care of proper rest, as well as reducing the effects of stress.


  • the need to push with most bowel movements,
  • abdominal pain, especially in stressful situations;
  • a feeling of incomplete bowel movement;
  • defecation occurs much less than three times a week;
  • uncontrollable urge to defecate (when you need to immediately go to the toilet);
  • loose stools (i.e. the need to visit the toilet more than three times a day);
  • periodic mucus discharge during a passing bowel movement;
  • flatulence and bloating;
  • nausea and belching;
  • a sudden sensation of severe discomfort in the abdominal region, passing immediately after emptying the colon.

With IBS, the head sometimes hurts, there are problems with sleep, there are depressive states and even sexual desire is reduced.

To understand whether irritable bowel syndrome is treated, you first need to find out its causes. From the point of view of doctors, the main prerequisite for the development of the disease are the many stressful situations that a person regularly experiences. That is why sedatives for irritable bowel syndrome are very popular.

Also, the following are considered the most common causes of the disease:

  • sedentary lifestyle;
  • various acute intestinal infections that led to the development of dysbiosis;
  • sharp or prolonged violation of the daily regimen;
  • dramatic changes in nutrition (when a person switches to an unusual diet of foods for him);
  • lack of fiber in the menu;
  • a large number of hormonal disorders and gynecological diseases that can cause reflex disturbance of intestinal motility;
  • taking antibiotics;
  • genetic predisposition.

Also, the symptoms of the disease can worsen if there is a lot of white bread and cereals, caffeine, sweeteners, chocolate, junk food, sugary soda or alcohol in the daily diet. Therefore, it is advisable to know in advance what you can eat with irritable bowel syndrome.

Colitis or irritable bowel syndrome manifests itself in two stages: exacerbation of the disease and remission.

Most often, patients go to the doctor precisely during an exacerbation of the syndrome, when all the features of the body’s work characteristic of the clinical picture are amplified. In most cases, drug treatment depends on pronounced signs and test results. At the first manifestations of IBS, it is very important to start following the diet prescribed by the doctor and, if possible, reduce the number of causes of emotional stress.

If you consult a doctor at the beginning of the remission stage, then you will be able to avoid exacerbation of the disease. However, before treating irritable bowel syndrome with medication, you need to take the necessary blood tests and diagnose in a specialized clinic. During remission, many patients do not feel bouts of pain, forget about the disease and the need for treatment of IBS for a while.


Modern medicine has methods to determine the causes of many diseases. In order for the diagnosis to be made accurately, the diagnosis and treatment of IBS in Moscow should be carried out only in clinics with a good reputation. Since the symptoms of IBS are similar to those of many other known diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, it is important to rule out the possibility of serious infections.

To make the correct diagnosis of IBS, you need to undergo a series of examinations:

  • general blood analysis;
  • biochemistry analysis;
  • analysis of feces for infections and parasites;
  • examination of the condition of the rectum using an endoscopic apparatus;
  • irrigoscopy - a special x-ray of the intestine, pre-filled with a contrast medium;
  • checking feces for dysbiosis;
  • Ultrasound of the digestive tract and abdominal organs;
  • gynecological examination.

Irritable bowel syndrome is also well defined during rectal palpation. A consultation of a psychotherapist who will be able to identify signs of psychoemotional stress and determine the general condition of the nervous system will also be mandatory.


Treatment of irritable bowel syndrome provides an integrated approach:

  • dieting;
  • maintaining a healthy lifestyle;
  • a sufficient amount of motor activity;
  • drug treatment.

If IBS is suspected, it is important to observe the correct regimen of the day. Try to rest and get enough sleep, as well as empty your colon every morning after breakfast. To do this, you can drink a glass of warm water on an empty stomach and do gymnastics. The exercises “bike”, “mill” and “scissors” help best. If you do everything right, very soon you will feel persistent urge to the toilet.

Treatment of irritable bowel syndrome also involves the use of complex drug therapy:

  • pain relieves abdominal pain medications (antispasmodics, dicitel, duspatalin or spasmomen);
  • for bloating, prescribe medications based on simethicone (espumisan) and dimethicone;
  • diarrhea or constipation are treated with a special diet and laxatives or fasteners.

The course of treatment should be prescribed by a doctor, who decides how to treat irritable bowel syndrome.


Diet for irritable bowel syndrome depends on the degree of the disease and severe symptoms. It is recommended to exclude any nutritional supplements and carefully study the composition of the products. Alcohol, caffeine, sweet non-natural drinks - all of them must certainly be excluded from the diet without regret.

Nutrition for irritable bowel syndrome must include the following products:

  • unrefined foods with a high fiber content;
  • vegetables and fruits (eat them raw, if there is no bloating. The diet for irritable bowel syndrome with flatulence involves the use of only boiled vegetables);
  • wheat bran;
  • dairy products, if they are normally absorbed by the body.

Steamed meat and fish dishes also affect the normalization of the digestive processes. If desired, you can boil them.

Avoid sorbitol and xylitol, which are found in many chewing gums. These supplements act as a laxative and contribute to the development of IBS. It is advisable to drink tea and coffee rarely: limit their intake to a couple of times a day. First of all, use herbal teas: decoctions of ripe fruits of bird cherry and blueberry help with constipation, and mint and chamomile prevent the appearance of pain in the stomach.


In order not to have to decide how to cure irritable bowel syndrome, it is better to think about prevention in advance:

  • full and regular sleep, lack of lack of sleep;
  • minimization of stressful situations and a positive attitude to life;
  • proper nutrition (eating foods that stimulate intestinal motility);
  • you need to exercise three times a week;
  • drink two liters of water per day: feces in this mode become softer easier pass through the intestines;
  • it is necessary to exclude alcoholic and sweet non-natural drinks;
  • to reduce bloating will help flax seeds and the use of oatmeal.

Treatment of IBS is a long and laborious process, so it is important not to start the development of the disease and consult a doctor, having felt the first signs of the syndrome.

Carefully monitor your health, take care of the nervous system and remember: the health of your intestines is in your hands!

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