Mammography is a fast, painless and accurate method used in mammology to diagnose breast diseases. Unlike ultrasound, a mammogram allows you to not only detect a tumor, but to see its size and determine the nature. Using this method, it is possible to detect a tumor in the early stages and to prevent a breast disease.
The study is comfortable, does no harm and takes only 10 minutes. The Planmed Nuance mammography unit provides excellent image quality with minimal patient exposure.
When conducting certain types of mammographic examinations, the patient needs special preparation:
- Mammography is performed from 5 to 12 days of the menstrual cycle; women in menopause, in the absence of menstruation or with an irregular cycle - on any day of the cycle.
- On the day of the study, the patient should not apply deodorizing agents and powder to the skin of the axillary areas.
- If the patient has breast implants, it is necessary to warn the staff of the mammography office in advance so that the study is carried out by a specialist who is familiar with the radiological features of the implants.
- The patient should be warned that after the end of the study she will have to wait for the doctor to make sure that the images are of satisfactory quality.
- Before the study, the patient should remove jewelry, strip to the waist and put on a dressing gown that can be unfastened in front.
Mammography, as a regular mandatory examination, is recommended for women who have reached the age of forty. It is at this age that experts advise to do the first mammogram and keep a record of visits to the mammologist.
During pregnancy, it is carried out according to strict indications:
- If there is a delay in menstruation or the likelihood of the desired pregnancy, it is necessary to consult with your doctor to determine the optimal diagnostic tactics.
Is it harmful to do a mammogram?
Many women fear whether it is harmful to have a mammogram, because this study uses x-rays. Of particular concern is the presence of existing tumors - would mammography be dangerous in this case? The answer is more than unequivocal: the x-ray dose received during the examination absolutely does not cause any concern. It does not go beyond the limits of permissible norms and does not possess a sufficient degree of carcinogenic activity. As for the presence of neoplasms, mammography is used, including for monitoring their activity and growth. Before prescribing a study, the attending physician must take into account all risk factors and direct him to the study, which will be informative in a particular case.
For those who are concerned about the effects of x-ray radiation, there is another way - you can go through a mammogram on a magnetic resonance imager. This study is called MR mammography or MRI of the mammary glands. The basis of MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) is not used x-ray radiation, the method is based on the principle of interaction of magnetic fields. This procedure is absolutely safe for the patient and practically has no contraindications (including age).
Breast MRI is recommended with the introduction of a contrast agent, which allows you to explore suspicious areas and detect malignancy even at the earliest stages.