Phlebology is a branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases of the veins and varicose veins of the human limbs.
Types of phlebological diseases
Modern phlebology relates to diseases of the veins of the lower extremities of a person:
- Varicose veins - a disease that leads to the expansion of superficial veins on the legs, impaired blood flow and circulatory failure (blood stasis).
- Thrombophlebitis and phlebothrombosis - inflammation of the walls of the veins of the legs with the occurrence of thrombotic formations that impede blood flow in the limbs.
- Phlebopathy is a complex violation of the functioning of the venous system of the lower extremities, leading to a decrease in venous tone.
- Chronic venous insufficiency is a dangerous syndrome of impaired venous current and microcirculation of the blood, often accompanying varicose veins.
- Trophic ulcers - inflamed arterial, post-thrombophlebitic, post-traumatic, diabetic, neurotrophic formations on the legs.
The causes of most varicose pathologies are weakness of the walls of the venous vessels and venous valves, the occurrence of blood clots, insufficient development of the leg muscles, pathological discharge of blood, and an increase in blood viscosity. As a result, thrombi, then varicose veins and, in more severe stages, trophic ulcers.