Allergy is a common ailment of our time. In view of the increased number of factors contributing to the development of allergic diseases over the past decades, the number of patients suffering from allergies is also increasing.
Among the most common factors: environmental degradation, changes in the body’s immune system, the presence of chemical additives in food, the progression of endocrine diseases, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, and a genetic predisposition to allergic diseases.
Depending on the type of allergy - respiratory, food, skin, allergy to drugs and other types - the clinical symptoms of the disease are diverse. The most common diseases are:
- Atopic dermatitis
- Allergic conjunctivitis
- Allergic rhinitis
- Animal Allergy (Epidermal Allergy)
- Allergy to the sun (solar urticaria, photoallergic dermatitis)
- Household dust allergy (on house dust mites)
- Insect bite allergy
- Bronchial asthma
- Urticaria (chronic urticaria)
- Drug allergy
- Quincke's edema
- Food allergy
- Pollinosis (allergic to plants)
When to see a doctor
When the first signs of an allergy appear, you should consult a specialist to prevent serious consequences, such as Quincke's edema, etc. Self-administration of drugs can also adversely affect the course of the disease.
The main and most popular signs of allergies are:
- various dermatological rashes;
- swelling, redness and itching of the skin;
- allergic rhinitis (nasal congestion);
- coughing without other signs of infection;
- conjunctivitis, lacrimation of the eyes.