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Laser photocoagulation of the retina during tears and degenerative changes in the retina

The retina of the eye is the inner shell lining it from the inside. It contains nerve cells (rods and cones), which are responsible for the perception of the light flux entering the eye and the transmission of the image to the brain.

The retina has the most dense attachment in the region of the optic nerve disk and on the periphery of the dentate line.

For a number of reasons (myopia, genetic predisposition, trophic disturbance, trauma, etc.), thinning may occur on the periphery of the retina, dystrophic processes may develop, and retinal breaks may form. These pathological processes can lead to retinal detachment and loss of vision.

When “dangerous zones” are identified, laser photocoagulation of the retina is performed, which delimits zones of dystrophy and breaks, thereby reducing the risk of possible detachment.

Restrictive laser photocoagulation of the retina is mandatory when it detects:

  • ethmoid dystrophy
  • dystrophy type "snail trail"
  • retinal breaks
  • traction (vitreous tension)
  • some forms of retinoschisis (retinal stratification).
  • and etc.

Contact sports, myopia patients, and pregnant women are at increased risk.

Laser photocoagulation of the retina is performed on an outpatient basis under local anesthesia with drug mydriasis (dilated pupil).

The laser operation takes place within 15-20 minutes.

Laser treatment is painless.

performed under local drip anesthesia.

Restrictions after the procedure: physical activity, steaming procedures, intake of alcohol, salty, spicy food - 2 weeks.


All specialists
Sergei Igorevich

Head of the Ophthalmology and Eye Microsurgery Clinic, ophthalmologist, laser surgeon


Svetlana Sergeevna

Ophthalmologist, Laser Surgeon

Irina Mikhailovna

Ophthalmologist, Laser Surgeon

Eugene Pavlovna

Ophthalmologist, Laser Surgeon


Olga Vladimirovna

Ophthalmologist, Laser Surgeon

Yulia Alexandrovna

Ophthalmologist, Laser Surgeon

Karina Gevorgna

Ophthalmologist, Laser Surgeon

Ekaterina Valeryevna

Ophthalmologist, Laser Surgeon

Victoria Anatolievna

Doctor ophthalmologist, laser surgeon

Eleanor Rinatovna

Ophthalmologist, Laser Surgeon

Ekaterina Sergeevna


Doctor of Sciences, PhD